The Department analyses political and social problems in Central and Eastern Europe, between the Baltic and Black Seas, in XX century. We currently conduct research on Soviet Union and Russia’s coercive policies towards nations, states and citizens of the region. We investigate manifestations of coercion as a typical Euro-Asian phenomenon, further enhanced by the totalitarian communist system. Our scholars focus on history of territories, states and nations between Baltic and Black Seas, i.e. on Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, as well as on minorities, including Jews, that have historically inhabited these territories.
The Department has undertaken many archive and library queries both in Poland and abroad, especially in Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus, but also in Israel and United Kingdom. Research results are published in scientific journals and monographs and discussed during numerous seminars and conferences.
Our objective is to determine theoretical indicators and specific aspects (goals and methods) of internal and external coercive policies of Soviet Russia, in comparison with the periods before 1917 and after 1990. We look both at policies directed at citizens of the Soviet Russia and at citizens, nations and states of the former USSR and Russia’s imperial zone; lack of respect for democratic principles and basic human rights. For instance, we study the nature of the imperial domination manifested in the public sphere as a specific reflection of the ‘historical policy’ (memory politics, indoctrination) in Russia and former USSR.